Describe and evaluate studies of eyewitness testimony 12

Describe and Evaluate Studies of Eyewitness Testimony (12)

It has been studied and researched for the past decade by researchers and specialists all over the country. As a result they were less likely to identify the customer in an identity parade those who had seen the checkbook version However, a study by Yuille and Cutshall contradicts the importance of weapon focus in influencing eyewitness memory.

Eyewitness Testimony

Clearly this is not correct and shows that memory is an active process and can be changed to 'fit in' with what we expect to happen based on your knowledge and understanding of society e.

When the bystander who saw what happened was asked to point out the real person their short term and long-term memory was being shown on what they actually saw. This is due to the prior warning, video clips and lack of normal distractions.

In other words, people store information in the way that makes the most sense to them. To start off with some background, it is mostly all about memory when recalling something that you witnessed, right?

The first was showing participants Ppts 7 films of car accidents. The independent variable was the changing of the verb in the first question and the dependant variable the estimated speed of contact. This is good because it makes the study easily repeatable and the results can be confirmed.

Journal of Comparative Neurology and Psychology, This is good because it makes the study easily repeatable and the results can be confirmed. The study by Loftus and Palmer can be generalised to the whole of the population because the study concerns memory and everyone has one.

We make sense of information by trying to fit it into schemas, which are a way of organizing information. This can, therefore, result in unreliable eyewitness testimony. The Yuille and Cutshall study illustrates two important points: At the end of the trail, Alex Williams was the one found guilty.

And the results shown in their research was that the perpetrator that was chosen was wrongfully convicted because the victim mixed the body of the real perpetrator with the face of another victim Kersten, A.

And the person was asked to point and choose out the real criminal Kersten, A. The independent variable was the changing of the verb in the first question and the dependant variable the estimated speed of contact.

They allow us to make sense of what we encounter in order that we can predict what is going to happen and what we should do in any given situation. When asked to recall details of the picture opposite, participants tended to report that it was the black man who was holding the razor.

Individuals that saw the first clip with the gun, were more focused on the weapon more than anything else. Recall was found to be accurate, even after a long time, and two misleading questions inserted by the research team had no effect on recall accuracy.

The study by Loftus and Palmer can be generalised to the whole of the population because the study concerns memory and everyone has one. Finally, Ppts were asked to try to identify Person B from a line-up of 12 photographs.

The experimental was the same queue but a gun was drawn by Person B and cash handed over. The study also has moral implications for the Ppts involved. This is bad because it does not represent real life, meaning the results should not be generalised to real life and EWs as part of police investigations.

A thief stole guns and money, but was shot six times and died. For example, two clips were shown of a boy and his family at a restaurant. The police interviewed witnesses, and thirteen of them were re-interviewed five months later. Journal of Applied Psychology, 71, When asked to recall details of the picture opposite, participants tended to report that it was the black man who was holding the razor.

Their aim was to see whether asking leading questions had any effect on recall. When people experience different things in life they tend to form all kinds of features in their mind to help enhance their remembrance.

How to reference this article:Describe and Evaluate Studies of Eyewitness Testimony (12) One study of eyewitness testimony (EWT) was by Loftus and Palmer. Their aim was to see whether asking.

Describe And Evaluate Studies Of Eyewitness Testimony One study of eyewitness testimony (EWT) was by Loftus and Palmer. Their aim was to see whether asking leading questions had any effect on recall.

Describe and Evaluate Studies of Eyewitness Testimony (12)

The method used was a laboratory experiment and had two parts to it. Eyewitness testimony is a legal term. It refers to an account given by people of an event they have witnessed. For example they may be required to give a description at a trial of a robbery or a road accident someone has funkiskoket.com: Saul Mcleod.

Describe and evaluate the multi-store model of memory. (12) Outline and evaluate research into the effects of age of witnesses on accuracy of eyewitness testimony. (12) Explain why studies of eyewitness testimony have been criticised as lacking validity.

(2). Eyewitness testimony is a legal term. It refers to an account given by people of an event they have witnessed.

For example they may be required to give a description at a trial of a robbery or a road accident someone has funkiskoket.com: Saul Mcleod. Outline and evaluate one or more studies of the effect of misleading information on eyewitness testimony (EWT) (4+4 marks).

Outline and evaluate one or more research studies into the effects of institutional care (12 marks).

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Describe and evaluate studies of eyewitness testimony 12
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