You do not have to prove that you have read everything. The literature review should detail what was not addressed in previous studies and should answer the question of why you are undertaking your study.
That way you will be better able to identify where you need punctuation marks to signal pauses or divisions within sentences, where you have made grammatical errors, or where your sentences are unclear Since the purpose of a literature review is to demonstrate that the writer is familiar with the important professional literature on the chosen subject, check to make certain that you have covered all of the important, up-to-date, and pertinent texts.
This approach helps highlight ethical issues which you should be aware of and consider as you go through your own study. A good database for obtaining definitive definitions of concepts or terms is Credo Reference.
Systematic Review This form consists of an overview of existing evidence pertinent to a clearly formulated research question, which uses pre-specified and standardized methods to identify and critically appraise relevant research, and to collect, report, and analyze data from the studies that are included in the review.
The State of California is the only U. If you begin to see the same researchers cited again and again, then this is often an indication that no new ideas have been generated to address the research problem.
What sources have they cited to support their conclusions? In the sciences and some of the social sciences it is important that your literature be quite recent; this is not so important in the humanities Make certain that all of the citations and references are correct and that you are referencing in the appropriate style for your discipline.
Recapitulate important features of a research study, but then synthesize it by rephrasing the study's significance and relating it to your own work. Writing Your Literature Review Once you've settled on how to organize your literature review, you're ready to write each section.
The literature review provides the historical background for your research; describes issues, debates, theories, concepts and related research in the field; and shows how your research will extend these or address a gap.
When writing your review, keep in mind these issues. A roadmap is important because it helps the reader place the research problem within the context of their own perspectives about the topic. Given the value-laden nature of some social science research [e.
Therefore, one of the goals of your introduction is to make readers want to read your paper. Systematic Approaches to a Successful Literature Review. This approach should only be followed if a clear path of research building on previous research can be identified and that these trends follow a clear chronological order of development.
All introductions should conclude with a brief paragraph that describes the organization of the rest of the paper. Methodological Review A review does not always focus on what someone said [findings], but how they came about saying what they say [method of analysis].
For example, look at the following two passages and note that Student A is merely describing the literature and Student B takes a more analytical and evaluative approach, by comparing and contrasting.
Professional[ edit ] Professional peer review focuses on the performance of professionals, with a view to improving quality, upholding standards, or providing certification.
How have they used non-textual elements [e. Place each work in the context of its contribution to understanding the research problem being studied.
The results are published on the web. Importance of a Good Introduction Think of the introduction as a mental road map that must answer for the reader these four questions: Haroon interviewed residents from 32 different nursing homes known to have different levels of autonomy Revising and Editing Your Work Read your work out loud.
After studying residents and staff from two intermediate care facilities in Calgary, Alberta, Smith came to the conclusion that except for the amount of personal privacy available to residents, the physical environment of these institutions had minimal if any effect on their perceptions of control autonomy.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Sharpling, Gerald.
This is called citation tracking and there are a number of sources that can help you identify who has cited whom, particularly scholars from outside of your discipline. Write the Body of the Paper Follow the plan you have developed above, making certain that each section links logically to the one before and after, and that you have divided your sections by themes or subtopics, not by reporting the work of individual theorists or researchers.
This is particularly true in disciplines in medicine and the sciences where research conducted becomes obsolete very quickly as new discoveries are made.A literature review can be a precursor to the introduction of a research paper, or it can be an entire paper in itself, acting as the first stage of large research projects and allowing the supervisor to ascertain that the student is on the correct path.
The LITERATURE REVIEW is a summary of previous research on a topic. The literature review surveys scholarly articles, books, and other sources relevant to a particular area of research or interest.
GUIDE TO WRITING YOUR RESEARCH PAPER Ashley Leeds The most common mistake that students make in writing a literature review for a research paper is to do and do not constitute mediation by your definition. Be as concrete and specific as you can be in defining.
The Literature Review: A Research Journey This guide is an introduction to the basics of conducting a literature review in the social sciences, with a focus on education.
Table of Contents. A literature review or narrative review is a type of review article. A literature review is a scholarly paper, which includes the current knowledge including substantive findings, as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic.
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